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Agricultural Programs
09
Sep
2019
USDA Opens 2019 Enrollment for Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage Programs
Author: Scott Stiles, Extension Economist

Agricultural producers can now enroll in the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs  for the 2019 crop year. Interested producers must sign up for either program by March 15, 2020. 

The 2018 Farm Bill allows producers with an interest in a farm to elect coverage in crop-by-crop ARC-County or PLC, or ARC-Individual for the entire farm. The ARC/PLC program election applies to both the 2019 and 2020 crop years.

If a 2019 election is not submitted by the deadline of March 15, 2020, the election defaults to the current ARC/PLC elections of the crops on the farm established under the 2014 Farm Bill. No payments will be earned in 2019 if the election defaults. 

Enrollment for the 2019 crop began Sept. 3, 2019. Once the 2019 election and enrollment are completed, producers on the farm for 2020 can complete an enrollment contract for the 2020 crop year beginning Oct. 7, 2019 and ending June 30, 2020.  

Although 2019 enrollment began Sept. 3, 2019 and must occur first, a producer waiting until Oct. 7, 2019 to enroll is afforded the opportunity to enroll in either program for both 2019 and 2020 during the same office visit. During this time, farm owners also have a one-time opportunity to update PLC payment yields that takes effect beginning with crop year 2020.

Web-Based Decision Tools

In partnership with USDA, the University of Illinois and Texas A&M University are offering web-based decision tools to assist producers in making informed, educated decisions using crop data specific to their respective farming operations. Tools include:

  • Gardner-farmdoc Payment Calculator, the University of Illinois tool that offers farmers the ability to run payment estimate modeling for their farms and counties for ARC-County and PLC.
  • ARC and PLC Decision Tool, the Texas A&M user friendly tool that allow producers to analyze payment yield updates and expected payments for 2019 and 2020. Producers who have used the tool in the past should see their user name and much of their farm data will already be available in the system.

Crop Insurance Considerations

Producers are reminded that enrolling in ARC or PLC programs can impact eligibility for some forms of crop insurance. Producers who elect and enroll in PLC also have the option of purchasing Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) through the USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA). Producers of covered commodities who elect ARC are ineligible for SCO on their planted acres. 

Upland cotton farmers who choose to enroll seed cotton base acres in ARC or PLC are ineligible for the stacked income protection plan (STAX) on their planted cotton acres. To be eligible for STAX coverage, producers must not enroll their seed cotton base acres into the ARC or PLC programs. 

For more information on ARC and PLC, download the program fact sheet or 2014-2018 farm bills comparison fact sheet. To sign up for the program, visit your FSA county office.


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