May 1, 2014 No. 2014-8
Dr. Jarrod Hardke, Dr. Trent Roberts, Dr. Bob Scott, and Scott Stiles
“It’s a boat! It’s a plane! No, it’s just someone trying to plant rice…”
If 2010 and 2012 are the only recent years you can remember, then you probably feel like you’re way behind this year. Actually, we’re right in line with ’08, ’09, ’11, & ’13 (Figure 1). We all hope for years like ’10 and ’12 but they’re more the exceptions than the norm.
Continue to keep in mind what you want your final stand count to be as we get into a big acreage push this week. If you seed varieties too heavily and get stands of 25+ plants per sq. ft. (ft2) you may have a fight on your hands this year battling disease and lodging. At the same time, end up too low (<10 plants / ft2) and we’re too late for a replant and it’s a walk-away or a fight to push all you can out of an inadequate stand. The same argument is true for the hybrids, but with those we’re more concerned with the low stand (<4 plants / ft2).
For varieties we recommend an optimum stand of 12-18 plants / ft2 and for hybrids 6-10 plants / ft2. The answer to your question is yes, we can live with lower stands, but we don’t need to be aiming for “what we can live with”. Aim for the correct stand, and then we’ll deal with what we can or can’t live with.
Consult the RICESEED program for help selecting the appropriate seeding rate: http://riceseed.uaex.edu.
The forecast for the next 7 days couldn’t get much more ideal. Temperatures are set to push into the mid-80s this weekend and stay there until rain chances pop up again next Friday and Saturday. Winds may be up for much of that period but they should be low enough for the next few days to play catch-up on ground that still needs a herbicide application. This week will be a great opportunity to get a lot of rice in the ground and get herbicide applications out ahead of an activating rain.
Figure 1 shows the updated planting progress for 2014 (black line) compared to previous years. The report for last week moved planted acreage to 47%. This is lower than I projected (over 50%). Some are still behind the curve, but a lot of rice went in the ground last week all over the Delta.
Figure 1. Arkansas planting progress by Week of Year, 2008-2014.
The DD50 Program http://DD50.uaex.edu is up and running. If you have problems with the program or suggestions for future improvements I want to hear about it –
firstname.lastname@example.org / 501-772-1714.
Picture 1. Here we go again.
Follow-up on Urea Stabilizers
Of the rice planted, about half has emerged. It won’t be long before it’s time for preflood urea applications so let’s think ahead.
The use of urea stabilizer products has become a standard recommendation in recent years. Products containing NBPT that have been evaluated and recommended after University testing include: Arborite, Agrotain, Factor, N-FIXX, N-Veil, and N-Yield.
Current available University research exists only for those products mentioned. Other commercial products either have not been evaluated, are in the process of being evaluated, or are not currently recommended.
Use of NBPT products on urea is most beneficial when the time from urea fertilizer application to flood establishment is more than 2 days on silt loam and more than 7 days on clay.
New Supplemental Labels for Command Tank Mixes
In addition to tank mixes listed in a previous update, there are new supplemental labels for 2-way tank mixes with Command and Touchdown Total or ClearPath or Facet L or Sharpen. For 3-way tank mixes, Command can be mixed with Sharpen + Beyond or Clearpath or Facet L or Newpath or Buccaneer Plus or Cornerstone Plus or Envy or Honcho Plus or Makaze or Permit Plus or Ricestar HT or Superwham or Touchdown Total.
These labels can be found at: http://www.plantboard.arkansas.gov.
Tables 1-3 are meant to serve as a guide and are not a guarantee or recommendation. Always consult and follow the label prior to use!
Table 1. Command 2-way tank mix labels.
Table 2. Command 3-way tank mix labels.
|Permit Plus||+||Honcho Plus|
|Permit Plus||+||Facet 75DF|
|Ricestar HT||+||Facet L|
|Stam M4||+||Permit Plus|
Table 3. Obey tank mixes (Obey contains Command and Facet).
Picture 2. I hope you’re enjoying the sun as much as this guy.
Energy Markets Turn Lower
Both the crude oil and heating oil futures markets have been under pressure over the past two weeks. A number of issues, both domestic and international are forcing prices lower. Inventories of crude oil are at record-high levels in the U.S. as domestic production continues to expand. The latest monthly U.S. Energy Department data indicates that gasoline and diesel inventories are building as well. China’s economy continues along at a slower pace. Libya’s production may soon re-enter the world market. At least for the present, the tensions between Russia and Ukraine haven’t escalated. That is a situation to follow with implications for the fuel, fertilizer, and grain markets.
Nymex June Crude Oil futures currently trade near $99 per barrel and are $5 below the mid-April high of $104.10. Following the path of crude oil, nearby Heating Oil futures (the benchmark for diesel prices) have moved 10 cents lower over the past week and trade near $2.91 per gallon. For the June Heating Oil contract, near term chart support starts at $2.90, then $2.88.
Since 2011, Heating Oil futures have effectively traded in the 80 cent range, from roughly $2.50 to $3.30. In 2013, the trading range was tighter at 53 cents (from a low of $2.73 to a high of $3.26). Last year’s April to June lows in the $2.72 to $2.76 range will serve as strong technical support for the Heating Oil market. Also, June tends to be one of the weakest months of the year for Heating Oil futures prices, which may be an opportunity to replace as much fuel inventory as possible ahead of peak irrigation and harvest.
The September ’14 rice futures contract finally closed above $14.40 last Friday (4/25). This week the contract has pushed as much as 20 cents higher, reaching $14.60 on Wednesday. This week’s breakout appears to be stalling today as traders see a week of dryer and warmer weather ahead for the Midsouth. Parts of the state are already dry enough for fieldwork today. By the time the May 12 Crop Progress report is release rice planting could be at, if not ahead of the five-year average rate. If this happens, one fundamental driver for the recent run-up in rice prices will be removed.
Some changes have been made to the online DD50 Program this year. Hopefully these and future changes will continue to make the program easier and more efficient to use. If you have any questions, or suggestions for improving the program, please let us know. You can access the online program here: http://DD50.uaex.edu/.
Arkansas Rice Updates are published periodically to provide timely information and recommendations for rice production in Arkansas. If you would like to be added to this email list, please send your request to email@example.com.
This information will also be posted to the Arkansas Row Crops where additional information from Extension specialists can be found. Please visit the blog at http://www.arkansas-crops.com/
We sincerely appreciate the support provided by the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board for this publication.
The authors greatly appreciate the feedback and contributions of all growers, county agents, consultants, and rice industry stakeholders.